She added that they visited other local FGM practitioners and informed them about the dangers of cutting young girls. Research shows that, if practicing communities themselves decide to abandon FGM, the practice can be eliminated very rapidly.
Several small studies have concluded that women with FGM suffer from anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. From the age of eight, girls are encouraged to stretch their inner labia using sticks and massage. The opening is larger in women who are sexually active or have given birth by vaginal delivery, but the urethra opening may still be obstructed by scar tissue.
In some societies, recent adoption of the practice is linked to copying the traditions of neighbouring groups. Health complications of female genital mutilation Who is at risk? The practice predates all religions and has been seen in the mummified bodies of pharaoh princesses.
The Ethiopian and Eritrean women, aged 30 to 52 years, had circumcisions ranging from removal of the clitoral foreskin to infibulation. Trained medical interpreters assisted all non-English-speaking patients. According to the study, FGM was associated with an increased risk to the mother of damage to the perineum and excessive blood lossas well as a need to resuscitate the baby, and stillbirthperhaps because of a long second stage of labour.
This statement provided evidence collected over the previous decade about the practice of FGM. Cultural and social factors for performing FGM The reasons why female genital mutilations are performed vary from one region to another as well as over time, and include a mix of sociocultural factors within families and communities.
Local structures of power and authority, such as community leaders, religious leaders, circumcisers, and even some medical personnel can contribute to upholding the practice. More than million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated 1.
Clitoridectemy Clitoridectomy, a form of female genital mutilation. InWHO published a "Global strategy to stop health care providers from performing female genital mutilation" in collaboration with other key UN agencies and international organizations.
More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM annually. A prosecutor with the National Agency for the Prohibition of Traffic in Persons, Obi Agusibio said more education about the dangers of the practice was needed.
We supplemented this information by soliciting the perspectives of East Africans from Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia. Bladder and urinary tract infections and cysts are not uncommon.
Sometimes genital tissue is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing procedures, further increasing both immediate and long-term risks; psychological problems depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, low Female circumcision, etc.
The data is not easy to collect for obvious reasons. In half the countries for which national figures were available in —, most girls had been cut by age five.
Gender-matched interpretation was provided, and interpretation was phrase-by-phrase with time allowed for cultural annotation. Procedures are mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and adolescence, and occasionally on adult women.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. To ensure the effective implementation of the guidelines, WHO is developing tools for front-line health-care workers to improve knowledge, attitudes, and skills of health care providers in preventing and managing the complications of FGM.
Sometimes it has started as part of a wider religious or traditional revival movement. There are significant medical sequelae and public health ramifications of female circumcision; therefore most U.
Approximately girls are mutilated around the world every day. The men and women were interviewed when they came for routine medical visits to a refugee clinic, or when the interviewer visited them in their homes. However, although there is ample media and political attention to this volatile issue, there is a relative dearth of practical, clinical information available to providers who care for circumcised women and their families.
In most societies, where FGM is practised, it is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.Also, for us, we believe that bodies are natural and perfect.
Not everybody believes that. Some people in Africa believe that bodies are androgynous and that all male and female bodies contain male and female parts.
So a man’s foreskin is a female part. And for a female, the covering of the clitoris is a male part.
Jan 10, · FGM is illegal in Nigeria. But one Facebook user posted graphic pictures showing children being circumcised and asked parents to bring their children for the procedure at his home.
Female circumcision is a taboo subject. The immediate reaction to its mention is to evoke revulsion. It’s bad, it’s vile, it’s abusive, it’s barbaric, it’s an oppression of women. In Somalia, 98% of young girls suffer female genital mutilation.
Photograph: Antonio Olmos Between million and million women and girls are thought to be living with the consequences of. The above dashboard shows FGM prevalence in the 17 countries where the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Female Genital Mutilation operates.
Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 major types. Type 1: Often referred to as clitoridectomy, this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals), and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).Download