Bioaccumulation and biomagnification minamata disease essay

On 4 December, the day following the leak, Union Carbide sent material aid and several international medical experts to assist the medical facilities in Bhopal. Upon arrival Anderson was placed under house arrest and urged by the Indian government to leave the country within 24 hours.

Finally, they received an updated report that it was "MIC" rather than "methyl isocyanate"which hospital staff had never heard of, had no antidote for, and received no immediate information about. Byonly six of the original twelve operators were still working with MIC and the number of supervisory personnel had also been halved.

Other logfiles show that the control team had attempted to purge 1 ton of material out of Tank immediately prior to the disaster. The government and the CBI suppressed the actual truth and saved the real perpetrators of the crime, the counsel, Anirban Roy told the court.

The theory of design defect was floated by the central government in its endeavour to do justice to the victims of the tragedy.

E, E, and E The disaster then occurred, a major release of poisonous gas. Bias and confounding factors cannot be excluded from the study. Impairment of memory, finer motor skills, numbness etc. This pressurization allowed liquid MIC to be pumped out of each tank as needed, and also kept impurities out of the tanks.

The hospital catered for the treatment of heart, lung and eye problems. The Indian Government passed the Bhopal Gas Leak Act in Marchallowing the Government of India to act as the legal representative for victims of the disaster, [32] leading to the beginning of legal proceedings.

Number of awarded cases wereand number of rejected casesThey could do with less. The "corporate negligence" argument This point of view argues that management and to some extent, local government underinvested in safety, which allowed for a dangerous working environment to develop.

No action plans had been established to cope with incidents of this magnitude. In order for water to have reached the MIC tank from the pipe-cleaning area, it would have had to flow through a significant network of pipes ranging from 6 to 8 inches in diameter, before rising ten feet and flowing into the MIC tank.

All except one was closed down by Subsequent legal action Victims of Bhopal disaster march in September demanding the extradition of American Warren Anderson from the United States. Indian scientists also suggested that additional water might have been introduced as a "back-flow" from a defectively designed vent-gas scrubber.

An attempt to re-establish pressure in tank E on 1 December failed, so the 42 tons of liquid MIC contained within still could not be pumped out of it. There was a dearth of gynaecology, obstetrics and paediatrics.

During decontamination of the plant, tank was removed from its foundation and left aside. Instead, they claim that "employee sabotage—not faulty design or operation—was the cause of the tragedy". Despite safety precautions such as having water carrying helicopters continually overflying the plant, this led to a second mass evacuation from Bhopal.

The official immediate death toll was 2, and in3, deaths had been officially certified. Another photographer present, Raghu Raitook a black and white photo. Ina conference was held on the site, with participants from European universities which was aimed for the same.

Union Carbide and Warren Anderson, had been filed in under the U. Complaints of lack of information or misinformation were widespread. US Federal class action litigation, Sahu v. They claimed that they were not told to isolate the tank with a pipe slip-blind plate.

Following an appeal of this decision, the U.

Bhopal disaster

The MIC was kept at 20 degrees Celsius, not the 4. Each claimant were to be categorised by a doctor. Of these,were below 15 years of age, and 3, were pregnant women. Other tanks were used, rather than repairing the gauge.

Little claims that the Negligence argument was impossible for several tangible reasons:The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, ultimedescente.com was considered as of to be the world's worst industrial disaster.

Overpeople were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas. The highly toxic substance made its.

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Bioaccumulation and biomagnification minamata disease essay
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