A comparison of the epic of gilgamesh and the odyssey

Poseidon, enraged at Odysseus, takes actions that prevent him from reaching home, dragging out his return to Ithaka into a 10 year long ordeal that he barely survives. One last spur to drive the point home is the plant that Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh about.

Prior to speaking to the shades in Hades, Odysseus was still living for adventure.

The Mortality of Man, As Expressed in the Odyssey and The Epic of Gilgamesh

They are separated from life and the people they love, as Gilgamesh finds himself separated from Enkidu. If Odysseus stays with Calypso, he can be immortal in the sense that he lives forever, but if he leaves, he will age again. In the shade of Agamemnon, he sees that death claims the great.

In the second chapter of N. This is not true immortality. Cornell University Press, The paper was graded and received an A. In his reply, Odysseus affirms that death and old age are unknown to the gods, while at some point Penelope will grow old and die, as all mortals do.

Odysseus is a good ruler contrasted with the suitors, who are emblems of the misuse of power. Although there are strong parallels between the two works, parallels do not necessarily prove direct influence. One can infer that he is not truly immortal, but gains a modicum of immortality by remaining young through eating the plant, which may be a gift to him from the gods.

The protagonists of both stories have some elements of divine ancestry, and gods routinely interfere in their lives. When the gods created man they allotted to him death, but life they retained in their own keeping. John Wiley and Sons, On the left, Hades and Persephone are seated on their thrones.

There has been a great deal of interesting scholarship in the Even worse, it is a prolonged sickness that leaves Gilgamesh traumatized. In both stories, we also get a sense that the gods are quite jealous of their powers and routinely punish those mortals who become too powerful or attempt to challenge or equal the gods.

When she inquires as to why he has traveled so far, he tells her that he is searching for a way to live forever. The suitors in his house, the suffering and mental anguish of his wife and son, his own suffering, all are a result of seeking glory.

Maugh II, Thomas H.

Enkidu is still condemned to sit forever in the house of the dead. Only the gods live forever. The Odyssey, a Greek tale, was composed and written down in roughly BC[2], but the stories it contains are believed to date from the beginning of the 12th century BC[3]. Only the gods live for ever with glorious Shamash, but as for us men, our days are numbered, our occupations are a breath of wind.

It is an extension of life. The Odyssey takes the opposite approach. Man has a fate and that fate is to eventually die. It has survived to the present in the form of stone tablets and fragments of stone tablets which are being excavated from the ruins of abandoned cities in the modern Middle East.

The important thing to do is to enjoy the world of the living while one still has life, which is a lesson that Odysseus learned by speaking to the shades of fallen friends and family. She also asks him if his mortal wife, Penelope, can compare to her, an immortal goddess.

This fate falls on Enkidu and rather than dying gloriously in battle, he dies from sickness. Gilgamesh suffers because his brother has been taken from him, but also because he does not want to share the same fate. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Inc.

The Epic of Gilgamesh, which dates back to approximately BC, is a story that originated in the Mesopotamian area. Despite being written by people from two different cultures, over one thousand years apart, the continuity of ideas regarding the afterlife presented in both works remains remarkably similar.

He wants to live. Life is amazing and should be cherished by filling our bellies with good things, by dancing, being merry, feasting and rejoicing, because being alive and spending time with loved ones is worth more than lording it over all of the exhausted dead.[4] Page 70, The Epic of Gilgamesh, N.

K. Sandars. Page 71, The Epic of Gilgamesh, N. K. Sandars. Book XIX, LineFitzgerald translation of the Odyssey. Book V, Lines –Fitzgerald translation of the Odyssey. Book V, Lines –Fitzgerald translation of the Odyssey. Comparing Homer's Odyssey and The Epic of Gilgamesh Both The Odyssey and the Epic of Gilgamesh are two incredible stories written long ago.

What parallels can be found between the Epic of Gilgamesh and Homer's Odyssey?

These two epics share many of the same concepts. Such as the nostro (the Greek term for homecoming), xenis (guest/host relationship), oikos (household), and aganoriss (recognition). Compared to the monsters of Gilgamesh, the various creatures of the Odyssey remain for the most part, extensions of the Greek gods themselves who could not seem.

In both the Epic of Gilgamesh and Homer's Odyssey, mortals combat some gods and are aided by other gods. Gilgamesh who, like Odysseus, travels a long way from home, tries with his friend Enkidu to enter the forest forbidden to mortals.

To do so, he must fight a monster who belongs to Enlil, god of the earth, and he is aided by the sun god, Shamash. Gilgamesh, the hero from the epic Gilgamesh, was the historical king of Uruk in Babylonia, on the river Euphrates in modern Iraq: he lived about B.C.

Odysseus, the hero from the epic the Odysseus, was the ruler of the island kingdom of Ithaca. He was one of. Gilgamesh also portrays his strength and power here as he battles Humbaba. Wit vs. Strength Odysseus- wit, uses his wit to get out of the confrontation with the Cyclopes Gilgamesh- strength, literally fights Humbaba in a show of power and muscle.

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A comparison of the epic of gilgamesh and the odyssey
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